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Ayurvedic Glossary

 

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B

  • Badhirya Deafness. Vitiated vayu by involvind the shabdavaha-srotas, causes deafness or loss of hearing. This indisposition is known as Badhirya.
  • Bahu  Arm.
  • Bahya External.
  • Bajikarana  Aphrodisiac.
  • Bala Country mallow, Sida cordifolia. The term literally meaning ‘strength’;’powerful’ in reference to its medical efficacy.
  • Baluka Sand.
  • Baluka Yantra A sand bath.
  • Basti Enema therapy. The medicine given through enema is called Basti. It is the best treatment for the elimination of vata.This therapy may also be used for the promotion of health as it provides happiness, long life, strength, digestive power, intelligence, voice and colour.It is free from risks; hence it can be administered at all ages. It draws out unwanted faeces, mucus, bile, flatus and urine, imparts firmness, enriches semen and gives body strength. Basti is two types viz. Niruha Basti and Anuvasna Basti. The Basti in which the preparation containing fat is given is called Anuvasna Basti. The one in which only decoction of the drug is used is known as Niruha (Asthapana) Basti.
  • Bhaga Anorectal vaginal region, vulva.
  • Bhagandara Fistula in ano. Anal fistula. Appearance of a deep rooted boil without any opening within two fingers around the anus with pain and fever.
  • Bhanga  Breaking.
  • Bhasma Oxydum. Bhasma is a preparation in which metals and non metals, and animal’s hard parts like bone etc. and wood or plants are burnt to ashes or powder. There are many devices described for this kind of bhasma preparations in Ayurvedic texts.
  • Bhasma and Marana process The minerals should not be used before the process known as shodana removes its impurities. Thereafter, the drug is subjected to the Marana process by which it is reduced to such a state in which they can be absorbed in the body. Thus powdered drug is known as Bhasma.
  • Bhasmaka roga Phosphaturia.
  • Bhavana When a solid drug is grinded continuously by adding liquid till it becomes dry, this process is known as Bhavana.
  • Bhaya Fear.
  • Bhedana Breaking: Drastic purgative.
  • Bhedana Process of a kind of minor surgery. Incision. It should be made with a firm pressure upon a sharp scalpel through the skin.
  • Bhutavidya Psychological medicine, one of the eight branches of Ayurveda. Also known as Grahachikitsa.
  • Brihana Restorative of body elements. The treatments that increases the dhatu is called brihana chikitsa. It’s indicated in cases of weakness and diseases causing debility.
  • Brihaneeya  Roborants or a weight promoting drug.
  • Brihat Pancha mula Group of five (pancha) herbs including the Bilva (beal), Arni (Premna Interifolia), Shyonaka (Oroxylum indicum), Patala (Stereospermum suaveolens) and Gambhari (Gmelina arorea).
  • Buddhi intellect.

 

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